Homepage > News (2020) - (2019) - (2018) - (2017)

Monthly news items, video links and blog on the Frans Absil Music website

News Archive

December 2021: Schillinger Instrumental Forms Introduction

Recently there was a request for a YouTube channel tutorial:

October 2021: Voice Leading in Schillinger Strata Harmony

Two new videos on the YouTube channel:

September 2021: SWAM Brass Sextet and using new apps

There's a virtual instrument review on the YouTube channel and first impressions of new apps:

  • The video YouTube thumbnail for the Audio Modeling SWAM Solo Brass V1.6.4 performing Mvt. 3 Jack of All Spades for Brass Sextet video Audio Modeling SWAM Solo Brass V1.6.4 performing Mvt. 3 Jack of All Spades for Brass Sextet (3:41) is a testcase for the July 2021 update of these solo brass instruments, based on physical modeling. The jazz waltz from my brass sextet (trumpet 1 and 2, horn in F, trombone, euphonium and bass tuba) was recorded with an Akai EWI 5000, then edited in Cubase 11. This performance uses modified SWAM instrument presets and MIDI mappings. Read along with the annotated score and find my comments and experience report.
  • I've been a Mac user for years, but recently decided to use a Windows PC in parallel, with Cubase 11 (C11) and Vienna Ensemble Pro (VEP). Migrating from Mac to PC is a most laborious task. Since folder paths are different, this required careful software installation monitoring, editing all VEP instances and C11 track presets from the MAC. This is a procedure not to be recommended and should be done once in a lifetime only!

    I'm in the middle of creating an orchestral template in Cubase, another tedious and demanding task. Since track numbers are running in the hundreds, the foreseeable next step is C11 project management and automation. To that end I started dipping my toes into the Hexler TouchOSC and the Metasystem Metagrid apps. Both iOS apps work for Mac and PC (one of my requirements) and undergo continuous development. The former will replace the Liine Lemur app, that seems to have come to total stasis. I'm happy to report that I managed to install the apps and servers, and did first succesful tests controlling the music software on both operating systems (not completely straightforward, and always scares me to death). Next on the agenda is the redesign of my tens of instrument MIDI controller layouts, learning the Lua scripting language (the umptieth) along the way. Another clever way of putting creative work on hold!

August 2021: Schillinger Strata Harmony technique and Website migration

New content on the YouTube channel and Website migration news:

  • Learn about Schillinger Strata Harmony YouTube thumbnail for the Schillinger Strata Harmony and Orchestration video in the video tutorial Schillinger Strata Harmony and Orchestration: An Example (32:44) This is a great technique for writing dense orchestral and electronic music settings and textures, e.g., for film or games. The ternary form example orchestral piece demonstrates continuities in the various harmony systems. The orchestration process and the design of instrumental forms is discused in detail. There is a full score Exploring Stratospheres PDF Score (A3, 10 pp.) and a companion booklet Schillinger Strata Harmony and Orchestration: An Example. (A4, PDF, 33 pp.). It is in the Document Library.
  • Also on YouTube there's my entry to the YouTube thumbnail for the Spitfire Audio Stargirl scoring contest video Spitfire Audio Stargirl Scoring Competition 2021 (2:01) with a score for the school bus scene from this DC Entertainment series. This track features 2 harps, 2 bass guitars, electric guitar, woodwinds, brass and synthesizers.
  • Provider XS4ALL will stop hosting websites soon. So my domain will move to a new provider before middle of August 2021. Hopefully this will go smoothly. Update August 11, 2021: the website and domain have moved to the new provider. If somehow pages are not opening or scripts are not working for you, please let me know so I can solve remaining issues. Thanks.

July 2021: Music analysis of Schumann's Vogel als Prophet for piano

Watch the new music analysis video on the YouTube channel:

  • In his piano composition Vogel als Prophet, No.7 from Waldscenen Op. 82 YouTube thumbnail for the Schumann's Vogel als Prophet: Appoggiatura Abundance video Robert Schumann made masterly use of arpeggio with appoggiatura patterns in the outer sections of this ternary piece. In the video Schumann's Vogel als Prophet: Appoggiatura Abundance (18:17) I discuss these patterns in great detail, listing and classifying the various appoggiatura types, At the end there is a short composition with application of Riemannian Transformations and appoggiatura patterns. I created a companion booklet Schumann's Vogel als Prophet: Appoggiatura Abundance. (A4, PDF, 10 pp.). It is in the document collection, in the Document Library.

June 2021: Two composition technique tutorials, one instrument review

The recent uploads to the YouTube channel are:

April 2021: Analysing the Debussy Fêtes middle section

A fresh video on the YouTube channel looks at an orchestral piece from the impressionist period.

  • The Claude Debussy composition Nocturnes No. 2 Fêtes has a fascinating middle section. YouTube thumbnail for the Debussy Nocturnes Fetes tutorial The tutorial Nocturnal Party at Debussy's: Part 1 Fêtes middle section analysis (27:05) is about the ternary form, the two harmony layers above the bass pedal point, the use of modal scales and the detailed orchestration. These aspects are illustrated with Midi mockup audio fragments, and in Part 2 these techniques will be used to create new example compositions through generalisation.

March 2021: Tutorial on Schillinger's Second Group of Pitch-Scales

Here's the new content on the YouTube channel and in the Document Library.

February 2021: The use of harmony in the Rosenkavalier Waltz

The main contribution this month is an upload to the YouTube channel.

  • The waltz section from the Richard Strauss opera 'Der Rosenkavalier' has form ABABC, with remarkable harmony in the B-sections. YouTube thumbnail for the Rosenkavalier: Waltzing with Giant Steps video tutorial In the video tutorial Rosenkavalier: Waltzing with Giant Steps (23:58) you'll find an analysis of this waltz. The A-sections use diatonic harmony, while the B-phrases are based on symmetric harmony systems (see the Schillinger System of Musical Composition), not unlike the chord changes in the John Coltrane composition 'GIant Steps'. Chord progressions are depicted as trajectories in the triad Tonnetz diagram. A similar harmony approach has been used in the short example composition, 'Waltzing with R'. For more details on this composition and a video tutorial companion booklet (PDF, A4, 23 pp.) visit the 'Waltzing with R' documentation page >>
  • At the start of 2021 I was struck with fresh Cubase disaster. It started with Drum Maps being invisible, then later the Arturia KeyLab Mk2 DAW controller became inactive and finally the DAW software itself behaved erratic. It took many hours to identify the culprit, and a probably unnecessary full Cubase re-install (plus the then inevitable restoring of preferences, presets, settings, etc.). Turns out that the MacOS Audio-Midi setup also played a part in this trio, probably after an Arturia firmware update. I will soon report my experience in a short document, that may help others with the same phenomenon (searching the Internet I noticed similar partial problems, but this combination and solution I did not find). Update March 2021: Here's the link to the PDF memorandum: Using the Arturia KeyLab Mk2 61 in Cubase: The Bermuda Triangle of Software Configuration.

January 2021: The Spitfire Audio Westworld Scoring competition entry revisited

The past year (2020) was concluded with a making of video on the YouTube channel.

  • The episode Composing with Twelvetone Triads: The HBO Westworld Car Chase Scene (33:23) YouTube thumbnail for the Composing with Twelvetone Triads, The HBO Westworld Car Chase Scene video tutorial revisits my Spitfire Audio Scoring Competition 2020 entry. It discusses the film music composition process with a single set of 12-tone triads (CM, Ebm, Db+ and G#o) in detail. Learn how hexachords from pairwise triad combinations were used to create harmony, melody and counterpoint, and how a consistent atonal idiom with chord tension control was achieved. This tutorial contains reduced score, audio and movie excerpts. For a companion booklet (PDF, A4, 25 pp.) visit the 'The Rough Lady Rides Again' documentation page >>
  • I have been mentioning problems with the Arturia controller software, virtual instruments and the Midi mapping (see Mar 2020, Sep 2019 and May 2019). I am happy to report that with the recent KeyLab Mk2 firmware V1.2.4, the Midi Control Center V1.12.1 (Oct 2020) and the V Collection 7 update with improved GUI and Midi editing capabilities (Dec 2020) many shortcomings have been removed. Read more on the updated Arturia V Collection Default Midi Controller Configuration page.

December 2020: Tutorial series on Schillinger First Group Pitch-Scales complete

Visit the YouTube channel where the series on Schillinger First Group of Pitch-Scales is complete with two new episodes:

  • Book 2 in the Schillinger System of Musical Composition is about pitch-scales. YouTube thumbnail for the Schillinger Pitch-Scales First Group Pt 2 video tutorial Group 1 scales have a single root, a one octave range, and include the familiar diatonic scales. In Part 2 (25:01) you'll learn several approaches to the evolution of pitch-scale styles, including pitch-scale families, derivative and modal scales through circular pitch and interval permutation, and the creation of partial scales through either pitch-unit or interval subset selection.
  • The final episode is YouTube thumbnail for the Schillinger Pitch-Scales First Group Pt 3 video tutorial Part 3 (26:19). In this tutorial we discuss the primary axis of a melodic continuity, the four possible axis-relations (for constant or changing tonality and modality), and the three techniques for melodic modulation. All episodes (Part 1 was published in September 2020 >>) contain application examples.
  • Notification: Dear customer from China, Hong Kong or Taiwan; before purchasing an e-book through PayPal, make sure you can reach my e-mail address. Currently there are internet communication issues affecting book delivery.

November 2020: Two Bars, I Owe You Two Chocolate Bars

On the YouTube channel watch the music video of a new piece:

  • The composition YouTube thumbnail for the composition Two Bars, I Owe You Two Chocolate Bars video 'Two Bars, I Owe You Two Chocolate Bars' (6:10) for band and orchestra has bridge form ABCBA, with lively A-sections featuring guitars, slow B-sections in 4/4 and 3/4 meter and a more orchestral texture, and the agitato middle section. The harmony combines regular chord changes with pantriadic phrases and polychords. This video contains an annotated reduced score with audio rendering. For more information and the full score go to Two Bars,... information page >>

October 2020: Model-based Virtual Brass Instrument Comparison

In my quest for model-based virtual brass instruments I published more comparison videos on my YouTube channel:

September 2020: Schillinger's Theory of Pitch-Scales

Here are some video tutorial tips:

  • In the Schillinger System of Musical Composition, Book 2 is about pitch-scales. Watch the video tutorial YouTube thumbnail for the Schillinger Pitch-Scales First Group Pt 1 video tutorial Schillinger's Theory of Pitch-Scales: First Group Part 1 and learn about the characteristics of single root scales with a one-octave range limit. The Schillinger generalization approach shows all options when combining interval-units, how to create a melodic continuity, the synchronisation with a rhythm pattern, and the tetrachord framework for diatonic 7-pitch scales. You'll also find three application examples.
  • If, like me, you like to design your own presets for the ARP 2600 V3 software synthesizer in the Arturia V Collection then on this YouTube channel you will find a great set of tutorials: One Man And His Songs. These are essential companion material to the limited documentation in the Arturia manual.

August 2020: The Retrograde-Inversion Chain

The Retrograde-Inversion Chain (RICH) is a transformation in the pitch domain, that creates a longer melody from a short ordered note series motif. There's a tutorial on this subject on my YouTube channel:

July 2020: Longer chord progressions with Riemannian Transformations

There is fresh content on the website and on my YouTube channel:

  • You may watch the final tutorial on Neo-Riemannian Theory, YouTube thumbnail for the music composition technique video tutorial Riemann Transformations: Part 4 The Long and Winding Tonnetz Threads an episode called Riemannian Transformations: Part 4 The Long and Winding Tonnetz Threads (20:17). It presents two longer chord progression examples in the Tonnetz diagram, with multiple Riemannian transformation types and Schillinger diatonic and symmetric harmony system root cycles. Applying Instrumental Forms, these progressions have been developed into composition examples. This tutorial is in the Music Composition Techniques playlist.
  • Viewers of earlier episodes have requested template Tonnetz diagrams that can be used in the design of chord progressions. Therefore I've created a companion HTML page, with an overview of the subject and links to the template PDF diagrams and tutorials. I will add more content here, such as the complete and condensed score examples from the video tutorials. Visit the Tonnetz Diagram and Neo-Riemannian Theory page >>

June 2020: Spitfire Audio Westworld Scoring Competition 2020

  • For the Spitfire Audio Westworld Scoring Competition 2020 YouTube thumbnail for the Spitfire Audio Westworld Scoring Competition 2020 entry the assignment was to rescore the car chase scene in Episode 5, HBO Westworld Season 3. My entry is a score with a combination of virtual orchestral and electronic instruments. Watch this cue, called 'The Rough Lady Rides Again' (4:20). Below are some production details.
  • The source material was sketched on paper. I created the Midi mockup in Steinberg Cubase 10, synchronising the score with the hitpoint markers in the video. Each day I created a fresh project copy, since files may get corrupted and refuse to open (which happened indeed). The orchestral instruments (woodwinds, brass and strings) were loaded as three instances in Vienna Ensemble Pro 7. The audio mixdown was combined with the video and original sound in ScreenFlow, then uploaded to my YouTube channel.
  • Also I created a full orchestral score in Steinberg Dorico 3.1. The score was prepared in Cubase, quantizing Midi events, setting up staff presets, and exporting as MusicXML. However, the Horns in F parts were corrupted upon import in Dorico, somehow caused by the staff preset settings. Since I could not identify the cause, I used the workaround by first importing into MakeMusic Finale (no errors here) and export the score from there. Tempo track and video marker transfer from Cubase to Dorico went smooth.
  • For more information, such as instrumentation details and the full PDF score, visit the 'The Rough Lady Rides Again' documentation page >>

May 2020: Third order compound Riemannian Transformations

Watch the new episode on the YouTube channel:

  • The tutorial series on Riemannian Transformations has been extended. YouTube thumbnail for the music composition technique video tutorial Riemann Transformations: Part 3 Order, order, order! In the episode Riemannian Transformations: Part 3 "Order, order, order!" (26:08) the focus is on 3rd order compound Riemannian transformations. These paths with 3 moves (combinations of the simple P, R and L transformations) in the Tonnetz diagram yield 6 options for a major or minor triad. The options are classified using the corresponding Schillinger diatonic and symmetric system root cycle patterns. Application is demonstrated in two chord progressions and example compositions. I will probably publish full scores later (see below). This tutorial is in the Music Composition Techniques playlist.
  • Preparing the graphics for this month's episode I had a not so great time when exporting a MusicXML score from Logic Pro X and then seeing the resulting raw score in the Steinberg Dorico 3.1 music notation software. I am still learning the latter program, but was forced to spend hours on creating a decent full orchestral score and then convert this to a reduced score for the YouTube video. The problem lies in the source file, that has the two cues in 4/4 and 9/8 as a single project file. Instrument names were not transferred (I love the 20 or so Grand Pianos), and Midi regions were all over the place, with numerous redundant clefs and time signature signposts (see the piece of abstract art in the image below). So I had to play the detective in order to reconstruct the score as separate Flows in Dorico. I will do some experimentation next month and then publish a detailed workflow report on this website, with hopefully a more positive outcome (read about similar struggles in July 2019 >>) Image of MusicXML score import from Logic Pro into Steinberg Dorico

April 2020: Riemannian Transformations and SWAM Solo Brass testing

There is additional content on the YouTube channel:

  • Watch the application of Riemannian Transformations, the 2nd episode in a series of video tutorials. YouTube thumbnail for the music composition technique video tutorial Riemann Transformations: Part 2 Five Paths to Domination In Riemannian Transformations: Part 2 Five Paths to Domination (18:06) the simple and compound Riemannian transformations are applied to a Schillinger Dominant Pedal Point chord progression framework. Paths through the Tonnetz diagram are illustrated with short orchestral examples. This tutorial is in the Music Composition Techniques playlist.
  • I am a strong believer in the potential of modeled virtual instruments, such as those in the Sample Modeling Brass and Solo and Ensemble Strings, YouTube thumbnail for the video Comparing the Audio Modeling, Spitfire Audio Symphonic and Sample Modeling Brass Sections and the Audio Modeling SWAM Woodwinds and SWAM Solo Strings collections. At the end of February 2020 the latter company released the SWAM Solo Brass bundle. So I took my Akai EWI 5000 wind controller in order to test and compare these modeled instruments with the Spitfire Audio Symphonic Library samples. In two videos you'll find the performance results of examples for solo brass and brass ensemble from the classical music repertoire. These videos may help evaluate the current potential of these instruments. YouTube thumbnail for the video Wind Controller playing Audio Modeling and Sample Modeling virtual solo brass instruments Click on the links or images: Comparing the Audio Modeling, Spitfire Audio Symphonic and Sample Modeling Brass Sections (12:23), and Wind Controller playing Audio Modeling and Sample Modeling virtual solo brass instruments (15:10).

March 2020: Neo-Riemannian Theory and Arturia V Collection Midi Mapping

The additional content on this website and on the YouTube channel is:

  • In case you would like to get an introduction to or learn about how to apply Neo-Riemannian Theory watch the first episode in a new series of YouTube video tutorials. YouTube thumbnail for the music composition technique video tutorial Riemann Transformations: Part 1 Schillinger Caught in the Tonnetz The episode Riemannian Transformations: Part 1 Schillinger Caught in the Tonnetz (26:59) presents the 3 elementary transformations (Parallel, Relative and Leading-tone exchange) and the compound transformations (PL, LP, PR, RP). Each of these is shown for major and minor triads in the Tonnetz diagram and staff notation. Transformations are interpreted in terms of the equivalent Schillinger Symmetric Harmony System Root Cycle, and demonstrated with a very short musical application example. This tutorial is in the Music Composition Techniques playlist.
  • Arturia Buchla Easel default Midi configuration interface If, like me, you create music with the Arturia V Collection and you want to design and implement Midi controllers for these virtual instruments, you might be interested in the overview of the Default Midi Controller Configuration. I created an overview table in PDF format that shows the Midi CC mapping for all synthesizers, samplers and other keyboard instruments in the collection. For a link to the table and an analysis of the results, visit the page Arturia V Collection Default Midi Controller Configuration.
  • There is a fairly recent reference to my Film Music Tempo Calculator, which finds the best BPM fit for a fixed tempo cue with multiple hit points. Read the article on Finding the Perfect Tempo for a Film Score on the DIY Film Composer Website (published September 4, 2018). For more information and using the tool go to the Film Music Tempo Calculation Tool >>

February 2020: Twelvetone triads with modal triad polychords, Part 3

The YouTube series on Twelvetone Triads and Hexachords is complete with Episode 3.

  • Watch the 3rd tutorial about Twelvetone Triads in the Music Composition Techniques playlist. YouTube thumbnail for the music composition technique video tutorial Twelvetone Triads and Hexachords Part 3 Modal Triad Polychords In Twelvetone Triads and Hexachords: Part 3, Modal Triad Polychords (23:25) we study twelvetone triad sets from combinations of regular triads in 3rds (major, minor, diminished,) and modal trichords (sus2, sus4, Lydian and Phrygian trichord). This video presents 4 modal triad sets with an analysis of hexachord combinations and polychord voicing in terms of Pitch-Class Sets and chord tension level classification. These triad sets are applied in music composition through juxtaposition of hexachord combinations and polychord permutations, transposition with pivot chords and overlapping pitches, variable density and strata harmony, and combining different diatonic and atonal harmony systems.
  • Another major job on the YouTube channel was to provide all Music Composition and Arranging Technique tutorials with Timestamp Links in the description. Now watching parts of a video or specific techniques and examples will be much easier; no need for fast forward, rewind and endless search. This will improve the viewer experience.

January 2020: Twelvetone triads with regular triad polychords, Part 2

New video tutorial on the YouTube channel and new SoundCloud audio demo.

  • The 2nd video tutorial about Twelvetone Triads has been added to the Music Composition Techniques playlist. YouTube thumbnail for the music composition technique video tutorial Twelvetone Triads and Hexachords Part 2 Regular Triad Polychords The episode Twelvetone Triads and Hexachords: Part 2, Regular Triad Polychords (28:54) discusses the options for creating twelvetone triad sets from regular triads in thirds, i.e., the major, minor, augmented and diminished triad. For each 12-tone triad set the hexachord combination properties and polychord stacking permutations are analysed in terms of corresponding Pitch-Class set, Interval-Class Vector, Hindemith chord group and Ulehla tension level. You'll find example chord progressions and application of Instrumental Forms in short composition examples in various styles.
  • The piece 'Chasing da Capo' (3:04) is a 128 BPM chase music cue for orchestra and electronic instruments (synths, electric guitar). Extensive use of the Z-related all-interval Pitch-Class sets 4-Z15 and 4-Z29. Obligatory staccato strings, piano and low string runs, and brass stabs included. Sample Modeling strings and brass, Audio Modeling woodwinds, Ample Sound guitar, NI Grandeur piano, Cubase synths. This is the first result of my Cubase 10 relearning effort.

December 2019: Tutorial about composing with 12-tone triads and Arranging Technique video series completed

New composition and arranging technique videos on the YouTube channel.

November 2019: Arranging video tutorial and a new composition

New content on the YouTube channel, a fresh composition for big band and more music software 'surprises'.

  • In the Ensemble Techniques tutorial series YouTube thumbnail for the video tutorial Ensemble Techniques: Percussive Brass Voicings we focus once more on percussive tutti settings with Episode [4/6] Rhythmic Background for Brass Section (13;24). You'll find the episode with a set of brass section example voicings in various registers in the Arranging Techniques playlist. This series is companion material to the book "Arranging by Examples: The Practical Guide to Jazz and Pop Orchestra Arranging, 3rd Edition."
  • The composition YouTube video of the big band composition Route l'amour perdu by Frans Absil 'Route l'amour perdu' is a moderate tempo piece for big band in contemporary jazz style. It has the saxophone section doubling on woodwinds, various brass mutes, contemporary harmonies (bitonal, polychord, cluster voicings) and features the keyboard player (piano, synth), lead trombone and 2nd trumpet. There's a full score in PDF format, an audio demo on SoundCloud and a YouTube movie with production details and road travel imagery. Read more >>
  • Creating the audio demo for my new big band composition generated additional music software surprises (see the previous months).
    • I prepared a big band template in Logic Pro X 10.4.4 (LPX) with all instruments loaded in a Vienna Ensemble Pro 6 (VEP6) project (5 instances). I defined Articulation Sets for the SWAM Woodwinds and Saxes, and Sample Modeling Brass. Unfortunately, including brass mutes (CC100) in such sets prevents the use of CC100 in LPX Automation Lanes. So I removed those and used Note-on Keyswitches only. The next surprise was the default selection of the first articulation until there is a note with articulation specified. This makes these sets impractical for control of SM Brass special playing techniques. Bug for Brass!
    • After weeks of template development, testing, and Midi programming, another stroke of bad luck happened when finally bouncing the composition to stereo out in LPX Offline bouncing mode. This triggered random hanging brass notes, most often in tutti sections. Never happened with the familiar LPX Track Stack approach, but now my racehorse MacBook Pro 2018 could not cope for mysterious reasons. The Midi data flow in this setup is rather complex: LPX Midi -> VEP6 server plugin -> VEP instance -> Midi Port -> Midi Channel -> Instrument. There are continuous flows of CC1, 11, 19, 26, 27 and Pitchbend data for more realism. Could be Midi data overload; I gave up after 2 hours of detective work. The workaround is Realtime Bouncing. Since reading threads on Logic Pro Help (logicprohelp.com) and VI-Control (vi-control.net) it is clear that I am not the only person having gone down this rabbit hole. Thank you, Apple, for yet another amazing experience.

October 2019: Arranging video tutorials 'Ensemble Techniques'

New content on the YouTube channel and an update on my music software struggles.

  • I started working on the YouTube thumbnail for the video tutorial Ensemble Techniques: Percussive Brass Voicings Ensemble Techniques tutorial series in the Arranging Techniques playlist. Three episodes have been finished: Episode [1/6] Distribution of 4-Part Sectional Harmony (14:26), Episode [2/6] Brass Section Voicing for Extended Chords (16:15), and Episode [3/6] Percussive Brass Voicings (9:04). Watch examples with part distribution of sectional harmony settings and extended chords over the saxophone, trumpet and trombone section.
  • In the September 2019 news I wrote about the incorrect rendering of chromatic pitches when exporting from Logic Pro X (LPX) 10.4.4 as MusicXML and then importing into Finale 25 (Fin). Well, I found another workaround, doing a basic test with a quarter note chromatic scale. The key signature in LPX is C Major. The Finale import shows correct durations, but pitches are displayed as diatonic: c-c-d-e-e-f-f-g-a-a-b-b. The solution was to open the Key Signature tool window, set the key to C Major and tick the box for Hold Notes to Original Pitches [Enharmonically]! Then the flat/sharp alteration symbols will appear. So apparently the key signature export in LPX (my suspect) somehow confuses Finale. I will not delve into the MusicXML standard, and investigate further. Instead, I find it ridiculous to even have to do such a basic test with 2019 professional music software.
  • I investigated sound design for the unique Buchla Easel V synthesizer from the Arturia V Collection of virtual instruments. Picture of the Lemur Midi Controller GUI for the Arturia Buchla Easel V virtual instrument In order to minimize computer mouse RSI risk, I designed an iPad Lemur Midi Controller with the default Buchla Midi CC number configuration. Testing this controller revealed peculiar behaviour of the 7 rotary knobs on the Buchla GUI. Some of them respond linearly to Midi CC input (as expected), but others have a sigmoid response curve (no change at extreme controller values, strong changes in the range 55-75). This occurs for both the standalone and the AU/VST plugin versions. After another period of extensive error checking and testing of this established product with numerous users, I reported the problem to Arturia. They will correct this response behaviour. There's never a dull moment in music software usage.

September 2019: Video tutorial 'Harmony Dissonance Control with Ulehla Chord Tension Level'

New content on my YouTube channel and fresh music software woes.

  • In her book on contemporary harmony Ludmila Ulehla discusses dissonance control and proposes a chord tension level scheme. YouTube thumbnail for the video tutorial Harmony Dissonanance Control: Ulehla Chord Tension Level and Hindemith Chord Groups In the Music Composition Techniques playlist I've prepared a video tutorial with chord structure examples for all nine tension levels and a mapping on the six Hindemith chord groups. Watch Harmony Dissonance Control: Ulehla Chord Tension Level and Hindemith Chord Groups (29:40). Tension control is demonstrated in Schillinger chord progressions, discussing root movement, tension curve, voice leading and dissonant chordal function handling. Two of these progressions are used in musical composition examples.
  • Over the past month I experienced more music software woes. In the search for a better workflow I turned to the 2018 MacBook Pro with Logic Pro X (LPX) 10.4.4 installed, the most stable version before the disastrous 10.4.5 release and the 10.4.6 quick-fix follow-up. Music notation is done with Finale 25 (Fin25), the same version as on the MacPro 2009 workhorse. Preparing the YouTube video tutorial about the Ulehla chord tension classification scheme I exported MusicXML scores from LPX. Importing this format into Fin25 is reliable on the MacPro with LPX 10.3.2, but now there was another big surprise. Importing MusicXML from LPX 10.4.4 made all accidentals disappear! So I had to spend hours on switching between LPX and Fin25 to meticulously inspect each part and correct accidentals. Fortunately the composition examples were less than 30 measures long. Imagine this disaster for an extended composition. After an online search I found a limited solution in a 2018 forum post. The culprit software could not be pinpointed but the workaround is to use the Fin25 Midi/Audio > Retranscribe command. This restores the accidentals, but obviously may ruin the note durations, depending on the Quantization Settings. Well, I stick with the estimate that I spend about half of my time on repairing operating system and software installation problems and identifying application bug workarounds, instead of being creative.
  • After reporting a non-working controller object naming issue to Arturia a while ago (see May 2019), with the release of the Midi Control Center V 1.9.1 software one may finally start to use the Arturia KeyLab 61 Mk2 as a generic Midi CC controller. Oh, and I had the audacity to report my first Logic Pro bug to Apple. Feels like telling God that His Creation is not perfect. Probably I will be banned to music software hell forever.

August 2019: Video tutorial series on 5-part Sectional Harmony

New video tutorials for my YouTube channel and workflow optimisation update.

  • The YouTube thumbnail for the video tutorial Sectional Harmony in Five Parts: Extended 4-Part Technique Sectional Harmony in Five Parts tutorial series in the Arranging Techniques playlist consists of three episodes: Episode [1/3] Extended 4-Part Sectional Harmony (7:16), Episode [2/3] Chords in Fourths (8:23), and Episode [3/3] Combining Techniques (6:34). In general this arranging technique yields a more modern idiom in jazz, studio and pop orchestra writing. In each episode find annotated score and audio examples, discussing voicing aspects and playing the full section plus the individual parts. This is companion material to the book "Arranging by Examples: The Practical Guide to Jazz and Pop Orchestra Arranging, 3rd Edition."
  • Last month I wrote about my disappointing software experience when creating video tutorials and the efforts at workflow optimisation. There was most useful and friendly reader feedback, sharing similar frustration and with suggestions for improvement. This encouraged me to do a fresh test, linking the Finale music notation software as a ReWire slave to the Logic Pro X (LPX) DAW master. I had tried several approaches in October 2017, which were supposed to work, but always turned out erratic when applied to a realistic example composition. After verifying up-to-date software installation, I ran an orchestral test scenario. This time both programs stayed in sync (playhead position), while editing the tempo track in Logic. I tested tempo steps, linear gradients and curves (acc., rit.). Then I confirmed that ScreenFlow captured the Finale movie and Logic audio simultaneously. So there may be light at the end of the tunnel, and I no longer have to present fixed tempo examples only.
  • Another optimisation step is the combination of Finale, Logic or Cubase 10 (CB10) as Midi source with sample library and virtual instrument audio playback from multiple Vienna Ensemble Pro (VEP) instances. In order to create a fresh Logic orchestral template, that sends to Midi Multiports on the VEP server I used the LPX and VEP connection approach presented by media composer Alex Cap on his YouTube channel. A great time saver that works flawlessly. (I am aware of the Multiport option as part of the AU3 standard; that will affect future setups.) This also required lots of learning, testing, creating multi-instruments in Native Instruments Kontakt, developing instances in VEP with balanced multichannel stereo output and some local audio FX processing. Currently I am tuning the template. Another most laborious job was writing down all instrument Midi key ranges, key switches and controller numbers. I need those to implement Articulation ID sets in LPX and Expression Maps in CB10 in the near future. Image of VIP instance with Spitfire Audio Symphonic Woodwind and Audio Modeling SWAM Woodwinds library

July 2019: More Youtube tutorials and workflow optimisation search

Producing video tutorials for my YouTube channel has its ups and downs:

  • The YouTube thumbnail for the video tutorial Sectional Harmony in Four Parts: Combining Techniques Sectional Harmony in Four Parts tutorial series in the Arranging Techniques playlist is completed with Episode [11]: Combining Techniques (7:34). Various techniques are illustrated in a swing jazz/blues example, serving as companion material for the book "Arranging by Examples: The Practical Guide to Jazz and Pop Orchestra Arranging, 3rd Edition." Next there will be a series on 5-part sectional harmony.
  • Also the 2-episode series on Hybrid Four-Part Harmony is completed. Watch Schillinger Hybrid Four-Part Harmony: Chord Progressions and Examples, Part 2 (23:36). There are more examples of writing progressions with higher tension, extended chords in the diatonic and symmetric harmony systems. Voice leading aspects are demonstrated with alternative transformations and the use of parallelism when connecting chords. You will find this movie in the Music Composition Techniques playlist.
  • Publishing these YT video tutorials involves considerable reviewing. In fact, the many revisions take too much of my time. Some of these errors are mine, but poor software quality and reliability is maddening. Believe me, I have sufficient software user and programming mileage, I do read manuals and consult online information. Here are a few of my worst experiences:
    • Although I am an experienced user of and admire the flexibility in the Finale music notation software, the audio rendering is horrible and too complicated. Set-up for good quality sample playback is a disaster. In user forums, one reads regular complaints about output volume differences for various libraries (where is the clarinet, can't hear the snare drum, Kontakt player not selected, etc.).
    • Anything about the Schillinger System of Musical Composition meets controversy. I am not a blind follower, but when identifying a useful technique I like to illustrate its potential and hopefully inspire viewers with a realistic and well-produced composition example. For that I use Logic, combined with Finale movies of condensed, annotated scores. However, transferring Midi or MusicXML between these programs is another source of frustration. Notwithstanding the key and tempo indications, the note alterations, even simple things such as Midi pitches get messed up, and I tediously have to check every part and region for errors. I tested Tempo Map copying, but each time using the procedure in a composition example with realistic tempo alterations, it ends up a horrible experience. Human Playback in Finale is a source of misery, tempo editing too cumbersome. So then the playhead cursor in my Finale movies is out of sync with the Logic audio export. That's the reason why my short compositions always have fixed tempo.
    • The video tutorials are created with ScreenFlow, a piece of software I first embraced with great enthousiasm. But, being quite a perfectionist, I prefer to edit the geometry of figure, movie and animation objects in the appropriate number value fields. That's another killer, since e.g. pressing Escape inevitably leads to error reporting. I need system audio capturing with my Finale chord progression movies (rendered with Spitfire Audio Symphonic String Ensemble samples). Well in almost 50% of cases there is an audio error (clicks, noise bursts) and I have to redo them. Requires careful listening and keep fingers crossed. One software update completely killed system audio capturing (on the old Mac Pro workhorse) and I had to re-install an earlier version. Timeline operations (moving, cutting, etc.) and the addition of annotations (arrows, lines, rectangle in the right colour and line thickness) need maximum concentration. Always manages to raise my aggression level considerably.
    So, occasionally I definitely feel like giving up. Before you get to watch these videos I on average have produced them in 2 to 3 revisions, and by the time I record the voiceover I am fed up. That's why I am currently investigating workflow alternatives. After a long pause I am re-learning the Cubase Pro 10 DAW, and will also start experimenting with Dorico music notation, hoping for a better exchange. My issues with ScreenFlow I will consider later. Sorry for venting these frustrations, but my experience may alert other music video tutorial producers. Maybe there will be responses with a few tips for workflow improvement. I might describe my workflow and bundle best practices in a separate webpage. Well, summer holiday season is near.

June 2019: Composition and Arranging Technique movies

There's a set of new video tutorials on the YouTube Channel :

May 2019: Arranging Technique movies and software debugging

  • In the YouTube Channel Arranging Techniques playlist, with audio companion material for the book "Arranging by Examples: The Practical Guide to Jazz and Pop Orchestra Arranging, 3rd Edition," The Arranging by Examples e-book title page there are two new episodes on Sectional Harmony in Four Parts: [6] The Subdominant Chord (3:53), and [7] Diatonic Parallel Chords (4:14). Listen to audio demos of individual parts and the full section.
  • Considerable time was spent on software debugging. As you may know I am a frequent user of the Liine Lemur app on the iPad, a most useful Midi/OSC controller design tool. I created many controller interfaces for software instruments and sample libraries. It has some quirks though, and last month I tried the Arturia KeyLab 61 Mk2 and the V Collection 6 set of virtual instruments. The keyboard has physical controls (knobs, faders, push buttons, keypads). The Midi Control Center application allows controller configuration design with user Midi CC mappings, and uploading to the 10 user memory slots on the keyboard. However, I failed at designing multiple templates in parallel. This turned out to be a software error in the unique naming of the controller elements. Took me while, performing test scenarios and pinpointing the error, including creating a movie that demonstrates the problem. Glad I could help the Arturia company improving their products. The virtual instruments collection is impressive, and I took my first steps at learning sound design in the Modular V3. Why? Well, because it brings back memories of my keyboard idol Keith Emerson, freaking out at the impressive control panels of his miracle Moog synthesizer. Only recently I learned that the oscilloscope on the top right of his rig was a fake. But why blame a good show-off?
  • While editing some HTML pages I corrupted the Pitch-Class Set analysis GUI tool. The Analyse Set button was inactive for about a week, a problem kindly reported by an attentive user. I apologise to all users that may have been affected by this inconvenience.

April 2019: YouTube Music Composition and Arranging Techniques movies

There's new content on my YouTube video channel:

March 2019: YouTube Arranging Techniques playlist started

New content on my YouTube video channel:

February 2019: Schillinger, Hindemith and Pitch-Class Sets, Part 3

Watch the YouTube video tutorial:

  • Harmony Tension Level Control: Schillinger, Hindemith and Pitch-Class Sets, Part 3 (22:30). YouTube video tutorial Harmony Tension Level Control: Schillinger, Hindemith and Pitch-Class Sets, Part 3 Use Pitch-Class Sets in Schillinger Diatonic-Symmetric Harmony after Hindemith Chord Group Classification. Control the harmony tension level in an extended tonality chord progression. The importance of the chord root and vertical dissonance distribution in the voicing. Fundamentals and examples. Part 3, 5-Element Sets. You will find this movie in the Music Composition Techniques playlist.

January 2019: New document, YouTube channel subscribers and videos

New content:

  • YouTube Channel 500 Subscribers (2:20). Milestone reached on December 24, 2018. Thanks for the views and subscriptions. Plans for next year, help this channel to grow. Happy New Year!
  • Harmony Tension Level Control: Schillinger, Hindemith and Pitch-Class Sets, Part 2 Tetrachords (24:10). Merge Schillinger Diatonic-Symmetric Harmony with the classification of all possible Pitch-Class Sets using Hindemith’s Chord Groups. Harmony tension control within a chord progression with an expanded pool of structures, including 28 4-element PC Sets. Fundamentals, three progressions and three orchestral examples. You will find this movie in the Music Composition Techniques playlist.
  • Guitar Harmonics: An Overview in Diagram. The natural harmonics of the 6-string guitar. The mechanism for generating natural harmonics on a fretted string. Guitar natural harmonics in standard tuning, and in ascending pitch order. Mechanism for generating artificial harmonics. Minimum fair price: € 3. (4 pp., 198 kb, December 2018). This is a new addition to the Document Library.
  • ADAM Audio Soundtrack Competition 2018 (0:30). My competition entry. Soundtrack to the photo by Tobias Zielony, The Opening (2005). Orchestral-electronic texture. Two phrases of atonal music, based on sets of 12-tone triads.

December 2018: Schillinger System Diatonic-Symmetric Harmony: The Bass Part

Watch the YouTube video tutorial:

  • Schillinger System Diatonic-Symmetric Harmony: The Bass Part (22:20). This Schillinger harmony type by definition combines diatonic roots with independent chord structures. This normally yields a diatonic bass part, except when using the chord groups G6, G64, or a special case of chord inversion. This tutorial demonstrates these principles and the best approach to a bass part with altered notes. You will find this movie in the Music Composition Techniques playlist.

November 2018: Harmony Tension Level Control Video Tutorial and New Composition

New content:

  • Harmony Tension Level Control: Schillinger, Hindemith and Pitch-Class Sets, Part 1 Triads (27:38). Control the tension level curve in a chord progression, using the Schillinger Diatonic-Symmetric Harmony System, the chord classification scheme by Paul Hindemith and a Pitch-Class Set interval vector mapping. This episode shows the fundamentals for triads, presents three chord progressions and one orchestral music cue example. You will find it in the Music Composition Techniques playlist.
  • YouTube video of the composition Redo Or Undo Last Action by Frans Absil Redo Or Undo Last Action >> is a composition for electric guitar and string orchestra. It is a tribute to a foreign friend who passed away recently. The piece was written after an extended period of computer stress, during which not only precious files were lost. (On this page there is a description of the piece, plus links to the PDF full score and the Soundcloud audio). The piece is also on YouTube: Audio and the making of 'Redo Or Undo Last Action' (9:32)

September 2018: Dissonant Chords in the Schillinger Diatonic Harmony System: An Overview

Watch the YouTube video tutorial:

  • Dissonant Chords in the Schillinger Diatonic Harmony System: An Overview (27:37). This episode summarizes the essentials from the separate tutorials on the Seventh, Ninth and Eleventh Chord. Aspects discussed are chord structure and position, preparation and resolution of the dissonant 7th, 9th and 11th, and root cycles. Two new example diatonic chord progressions are presented in detail. You will find these movies in the Music Composition Techniques playlist.

August 2018: The Eleventh Chord in Diatonic Harmony video tutorial

Watch the YouTube video tutorial:

  • The Eleventh Chord in the Schillinger Diatonic Harmony System (26:01). The 11th chord in diatonic harmony has three dissonant chordal functions 7, 9, and 11, that require preparation and resolution through careful voice leading. This tutorial discusses the S11 chord structure and position, and dissonance preparation and resolution techniques through suspensions, descending and ascending stepwise motion. Usage of the 11th chord is demonstrated with chord progressions and an up-tempo rock music example. You will find these movies in the Music Composition Techniques playlist.

July 2018: The Siege of Lemongrad

Last month I saw the movie The Death of Stalin (director: Armando Iannucci) with the wonderful score by Christopher Willis. The music is in period style, with a socialist realism idiom. At first I thought that the score was a compilation of musical quotes with new transitions. But then in an interview I read that Willis had spent months studying scores to identify the Shostakovich and Prokofiev style elements, before coming up with his amazing original score for large orchestra.

YouTube video of the composition The Siege of Lemongrad by Frans Absil So I decided on a homework assignment and see how far I could get spending significantly less time over a period of weeks. I reread the Dover score of the Shostakovich symphonies No. 1 and 5, listing typical style elements. Then I spent a couple of days sketching a piece as a condensed score. After that I wrote the full score for symphony orchestra in Finale (find it in the composition list on this site), before moving to Logic Pro for a Midi mockup. As usual, creating a more or less realistic synthetic orchestra is a labour-intensive process, especially on my old 12 Gb Mac Pro. For pragmatic reasons, I limited myself to the Spitfire Symphonic Library, bounced regions with specific instrument articulations to audio, then did the mix.

In the YouTube video, there is the audio mixdown, with an annotated condensed score and cartoonesque graphics, telling a mockery story about the fictitious Siege of Lemongrad. I hope you'll enjoy watching this experiment. Happy summer holidays 2018!

June 2018: Reusing Compositional Elements From the Tristan Act 3 Prelude

New content:

May 2018: Composing with a Pitch-Class Set: the Orchestral Score for the 'Nika Albi' Trailer

There's a fresh YouTube video tutorial and new audio demos on SoundCloud:

  • Composing with a Pitch-Class Set: the Orchestral Score for the 'Nika Albi' Trailer (12:25). PC-Set 5-Z17 (Allen Forte prime form numbering) is used as the unifying source in the atonal orchestral score for the Spitfire Audio Albion ONE 10th Anniversary trailer scoring competition. PC Set properties, derived chord structures and melody are demonstrated. Form and set application shown in an annotated condensed score. You will find it in the Music Composition Techniques playlist.
  • New ambient and film music audio demos on SoundCloud. Here's the link:
  • The EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) takes effect from 25 May 2018. In compliance with the GDPR there is a statement that applies to the website and webshop. Read my GDPR Compliant Privacy Notice >>

April 2018: Ninth Chords in Diatonic Harmony video tutorials

Watch the YouTube video tutorials about 'Ninth Chords in the Schillinger Diatonic Harmony System':

  • Part 1: Fundamentals (21:02). Using the 9th chord in diatonic harmony requires careful treatment of the dissonant chordal functions 7 and 9. Part 1 presents the fundamentals: the S9 chord structure in root position, the stepwise descending resolution and the three preparation options.
  • Part 2: Progressions (21:43). This episode discusses three diatonic chord progressions with the ninth chord S9, and a short piece of mood music. You will find these movies in the Music Composition Techniques playlist.
  • Read more about these and other YouTube videos. Descriptions and links.

February 2018: Euclidean Rhythm in Police Precinct Five movie

After reading the Godfried Toussaint 2017 paper I applied an Euclidean rhythm in a thrill music cue. This composition uses various rhythm and orchestral techniques. In the example there is a combination of fandango, Euclidean and cross-rhythm. A YouTube video discusses this piece in detail:

January 2018: Two Videos and One Copyright Claim

I decided to participate in the January 2018 Spitfire Audio scoring competition. My entry is an orchestral score for the Albion ONE 10th Anniversary trailer movie. The short piece in atonal style is called 'Nika Albi' and here's the media: Albion ONE trailer movie with soundtrack >> | Description >> | PDF Full Score >>

Two videos were added to the YouTube channel and there is a disappointing start of 2018:

December 2017: Lemur Script for Articulation Keyswitching and Drumpad Playing

A new YouTube video episode discusses a specific Midi controller Liine Lemur script: